Main Machines and Techniques used in Woodworking

When we talk about woodworking we refer to those small or large operations that are carried out daily by thousands of carpenters and woodworking industries.

All our customers, whether they are small hobbyists who love to carry out this activity in their free time, or large industries that have made it their strong point, must work with specific machines that facilitate and guide their operations, giving them the possibility to create furniture, fixtures, doors, furniture objects and much more. If you are a woodworking enthusiast, do try ted’s woodworking guide.

So let’s start from the beginning: what are the main woodworking processes?

The main steps are basically 4:

  • production of semi-finished products (log cutting, drying, etc.).
  • second transformation (processing of the semi-finished product)
  • surface finishing (lacquering, painting, etc.)
  • assembly

Let’s imagine we have to make a piece of furniture: to do this we need a planer to obtain linear planks, a saw to cut the right size of wood, a milling cutter to make holes or shapes, a slotting machine to make the necessary holes and a sanding machine for finishing operations.

Try easy woodworking plans for more information.

Each operation can hide small pitfalls and this is why today we will present in detail all the WOOD WORKING STEPS:

  • THE CUTTING
  • MILLING
  • DRILLING
  • PLANNING
  • SMOOTHING

THE CUTTING:

Cutting is the first stage of woodworking, in fact it is necessary to cut the panel to the size required by our project.

If we are in front of logs or large blocks of wood we will have the possibility to operate with a band saw; this machine is in fact suitable for cutting operations that do not require precision work but are necessary to size the pieces to be worked.

After the first cut we proceed with the squaring machine or circular saw to bring the panel to the shape necessary for our project. The circular saw in fact operates a very precise cut and allows the panel to be squared, working perfectly on the shape to be obtained.

Often in carpentry workshops there are both machines.

To learn more about the models, dimensions and characteristics of the two types of saws mentioned, please refer to the specific pages.

  • Band saws
  • Circular Saws

PLANNING:

Planing is necessary to make the faces of the wood panel linear, parallel and of the necessary thickness. This activity can be performed in various ways and flush and thickness planers are used.

The first operation is carried out with a flush planer that allows to obtain a perfectly straight panel on one side.
Subsequently, it will be necessary to work the panel with a thickness planer from which the second side will be perfectly parallel and smooth as the first.

THICKNESS PLANER FOR PROFILING: our innovation.
Our company has introduced a small great innovation also in a standard product like this one; in fact in our catalogue there is also the thickness planer for profiling.

This particular planer, in addition to the classic thickness planing, is able to realize shaped panels to design.

But how is it possible?

It is possible to realize particular profiles thanks to the shaped knives inserted in the planer shaft.

MILLING:

When we mention the milling work, in the field of woodworking, we are probably making doors or casements, frames and windows. In fact, milling is a machining process which, by removing material, makes it possible to obtain a wide range of surfaces (planes, grooves, etc.).

These operations are carried out using spindle molders or panto graphs that make grooves, sash profiles and milled by interlocking.

What are TOUPS?

Wood spindle molders are machines equipped with a vertical shaft that protrudes from the plane on which a cutter is mounted; the shaft can be fixed or tiltable. In addition, they can be equipped with sliding carriages or table extensions.

THE DRILLING:

Drilling is an important step because it allows to make holes and slots indispensable in many objects and furniture. In fact, even in the realization of a wardrobe we will need to insert hinges and locks, as well as prepare the holes to insert one or more shelves.

So the CAVATRICE becomes a necessary machine to make these small holes.

POINTED CABINET CLEARER: as the term says, by means of a drill or cutter, you can make both the classic round holes and the longitudinal and transversal slots for the hinges of the doors.

CHAIN CLEARER: a cutting chain is used in this machine to make slots for doors and windows and locks.

PERSIAN TRAINER: this machine has two cutters that work simultaneously and realize on two uprights the diagonal slots suitable to mount the slats of the shutters.

Find out more about the slotters

LIGHTNING:

Wood sanding is a finishing operation that can be carried out by hand or by machine. The objective of this phase is to obtain the surface of the product ready for the finishing phase.

The sanding is carried out by means of abrasive belts which, depending on the grain, are able to make the wood perfectly smooth.

BELT SANDING MACHINE FOR EDGES.

This type of machine is suitable for simple and easy manual sanding operations. This machine is not cumbersome and has a working table 800 mm long with a belt width of 150 mm. The belt runs on the table by means of a pulley mounted on the motor. The sanding operation is done manually by the operator by placing the wood on the belt.

OSCILLATING BELT SANDER.

In case of continuous use of the edge sander, it is advisable to choose an oscillating machine that combines the characteristics described above with a longer belt life. Thanks to the oscillating belt oscillation on the right and left side, this machine allows to maintain the abrasive capacity of the belt for a longer time.

Both sanding machines have a guide square, the plane can be tilted up to 90° and can be equipped with a goniometer for angled sanding and/or a kit for sanding curved pieces.

The edge sanders allow workpieces up to approx. 80 cm in length to be processed. If larger workpieces have to be processed, it is necessary to switch to the long belt sander.

LONG BELT SANDER.

The long belt sander is equipped with a large sliding table and is suitable for sanding large surfaces. It is possible to raise/lower the table electrically.
The available table lengths range from 2100 mm and 3000 mm, for a width of 800 mm.
On request, with some modifications, it is possible to use these machines also for satin-finishing metals (for example hoods and kitchen steel tops).

THE MOST COMMONLY USED TYPES OF WOOD.

For woodworking, carpenters and hobbyists use various types of wood, from the hardest to the softest. To obtain an optimal result it is necessary to correctly choose the cutting speed and the type of tool to be used.

To support our customers, we prefer to make an estimate only after having fully understood the type of use that is made of the machine. This is necessary to recommend the most suitable model, evaluate the power of the motors and the choice of the correct tools. In some cases we also require a sampling of the material that will have to be processed in order to carry out tests, verify the processing and thus avoid unpleasant surprises to the customer.

[ARE YOU ALSO A WOODWORKING ENTHUSIAST OR DO YOU NEED TO BUY A SPECIFIC MACHINE FOR YOUR CARPENTRY SHOP?]

Don’t be afraid to ask for more information!
We will be happy to advise you in choosing the most suitable machine for your needs.

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